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India's New Parliament House | Central Vista Project | Location | Old building | Architect | Need

On 28th May 2023, the Hon. Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Damodar Modi inaugurated India’s new Parliament building which is a part of the revamped Central Vista Redevelopment Project. The new Parliament building has been constructed by Tata Projects Limited. The leading Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) company is a part of the Tata Group, led by famed business tycoon Ratan Tata.

Name: The Parliament House in New Delhi has been commonly known as Sansad Bhavan, is the official venue for the Parliament of India. It accommodates the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, which represent the lower and upper houses, respectively, in India’s two-chambered parliament.

Location: The new Parliament building is located at the heart of the Central Vista at Sansad Marg, Gokul Nagar in New Delhi and adjacent to the old Parliament building. The coordinates of the new Parliament building are- 28°37'02.0"N 77°12'36.0"E.

Architects of New and Old Parliament Building:

  • The old building was designed by British architects Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker and was constructed between 1921 and 1927.

  • The construction of the new building, designed by Architect Bimal Patel, began in 2019.

Need for New Parliament Building:

  • The design was not suitable to accommodate a bicameral legislature, i.e. a legislature with two houses: Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

  • The old Parliament building can accommodate around 552 members therefore, the government stated that it won't be able to house new members who may be added post 2026.

  • The addition of services like water supply and sewer lines, air-conditioning, firefighting equipment, CCTV cameras, etc., have led to seepage of water at several places and impacted the aesthetics of the building.

  • The inner service corridors were eventually converted into offices which resulted in poor-quality workspaces and were made even smaller by creating sub-partitions to accommodate more workers.

  • The

New Parliament Building's features:

  • The new, triangular-shaped parliament complex has enough space to house parliamentary affairs ministry, committee rooms, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha secretariats.

  • Total build-up area: 65,000 square metres

  • The Central Constitution Hall and Gallery will include artefacts showcasing India’s heritage and culture.

  • The new Lok Sabha can now seat 888 members while the Rajya Sabha can accomodate 384 members.

  • Each minister will have an individual office and the MPs’ lounge will serve as a central courtyard, which will have an open meeting space for all legislators.

  • The new building will also house six committee rooms equipped with state-of-the-art audio-visual systems.

  • The house is built up using green construction techniques, the new building is supposed to reduce electricity consumption by 30 per cent, compared to the old one. Rainwater-harvesting and water-recycling systems have been included.

  • The new building has a Constitution Hall, where the journey of Indian democracy has been documented.

Beautifully designed Loksabha and Rajyasabha:

The new Lok Sabha chamber has a peacock theme, with designs drawn from the national bird’s feathers carved on the walls and ceiling, complemented by teal carpets. The Rajya Sabha chamber has been decorated with the lotus as its theme, with red carpets.

As many as 900 weavers from Uttar Pradesh’s Bhadohi and Mirzapur spent a total of 10,00,000 man hours in order to carpet the new Parliament building

New Parliament of India is a witness to the rise of Atmanirbhar Bharat.

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