UGC NET Paper II Syllabus 2022 - Subject Economics


2022 syllabus for paper II comprises of the subject that is a choice for the candidate. Paper II consists of 100 questions exclusively based on the subject chosen for 200 marks. The Economics subject syllabus of the UGC NET Exam is given below;

Economics / Rural Economics /Co-operation / Demography / Development Planning/ Development Studies / Econometrics/ Applied Economics/Development Eco./Business Economics


Subject: ECONOMICS Code No.: 01


Unit-1 : Micro Economics


  • Theory of Consumer Behaviour

  • Theory of Production and Costs

  • Decision making under uncertainty Attitude towards Risk

  • Game Theory – Non Cooperative games

  • Market Structures, competitive and non-competitive equilibria and their efficiency properties

  • Factor Pricing

  • General Equilibrium Analysis

  • Efficiency Criteria: Pareto-Optimality, Kaldor – Hicks and Wealth Maximization

  • Welfare Economics: Fundamental Theorems , Social Welfare Function

  • Asymmetric Information: Adverse Selection and Moral Hazard


Unit-2 : Macro Economics


  • National Income: Concepts and Measurement

  • Determination of output and employment: Classical & Keynesian Approach

  • Consumption Function

  • Investment Function

  • Multiplier and Accelerator

  • Demand for Money

  • Supply of Money

  • IS – LM Model Approach

  • Inflation and Phillips Curve Analysis

  • Business Cycles

  • Monetary and Fiscal Policy

  • Rational Expectation Hypothesis and its critique


Unit- 3 : Statistics and Econometrics


  • Probability Theory: Concepts of probability, Distributions, Moments, Central Limit theorem

  • Descriptive Statistics – Measures of Central tendency & dispersions, Correlation, Index Numbers

  • Sampling methods & Sampling Distribution

  • Statistical Inferences, Hypothesis testing

  • Linear Regression Models and their properties – BLUE

  • Identification Problem

  • Simultaneous Equation Models – recursive and non-recursive

  • Discrete choice models

  • Time Series Analysis


Unit-4 : Mathematical Economics


  • Sets, functions and continuity, sequence, series

  • Differential Calculus and its Applications

  • Linear Algebra – Matrices, Vector Spaces

  • Static Optimization Problems and their applications

  • Input-Output Model, Linear Programming

  • Difference and Differential equations with applications


Unit-5 : International Economics


  • International Trade: Basic concepts and analytical tools

  • Theories of International Trade

  • International Trade under imperfect competition

  • Balance of Payments: Composition, Equilibrium and Disequilibrium and Adjustment Mechanisms

  • Exchange Rate: Concepts and Theories

  • Foreign Exchange Market and Arbitrage

  • Gains from Trade, Terms of Trade, Trade Multiplier

  • Tariff and Non-Tariff barriers to trade; Dumping

  • GATT, WTO and Regional Trade Blocks; Trade Policy Issues

  • IMF & World Bank


Unit-6 : Public Economics


  • Market Failure and Remedial Measures: Asymmetric Information, Public Goods, Externality

  • Regulation of Market – Collusion and Consumers’ Welfare

  • Public Revenue: Tax & Non-Tax Revenue, Direct & Indirect Taxes, Progressive and non-Progressive Taxation, Incidence and Effects of Taxation

  • Public expenditure

  • Public Debt and its management

  • Public Budget and Budget Multiplier

  • Fiscal Policy and its implications


Unit-7 : Money and Banking


  • Components of Money Supply

  • Central Bank

  • Commercial Banking

  • Instruments and Working of Monetary Policy

  • Non-banking Financial Institutions

  • Capital Market and its Regulation


Unit-8 : Growth and Development Economics


  • Economic Growth and Economic Development

  • Theories of Economic Development: Adam Smith, Ricardo, Marx, Schumpeter, Rostow, Balanced & Unbalanced growth, Big Push approach.

  • Models of Economic Growth: Harrod-Domar, Solow, Robinson, Kaldor

  • Technical progress-Disembodied & embodied; endogenous growth

  • Indicators of Economic Development: PQLI, HDI, SDGs

  • Poverty and Inequalities-Concepts and Measurement

  • Social Sector Development: Health, Education, Gender


Unit-9 : Environmental Economics and Demography


  • Environment as a Public Good

  • Market Failure

  • Coase Theorem

  • Cost-Benefit Analysis and Compensation Criteria

  • Valuation of Environmental Goods

  • Theories of Population

  • Concepts and Measures: Fertility. Morbidity, Mortality

  • Age Structure, Demographic Dividend

  • Life Table

  • Migration


Unit -10 : Indian Economy


  • Economic Growth in India: Patter and Structure

  • Agriculture: Pattern & Structure of Growth, Major Challenges, Policy Responses

  • Industry: Pattern & Structure of Growth, Major Challenges, Policy Responses

  • m & Structure of Growth, Major Challenges, Policy Responses

  • Rural Development Issues, Challenges & Policy Responses

  • Urban Development -Issues, Challenges and Policy Responses

  • Foreign Trade: Structure and Direction, BOP. Flow of Foreign Capital, Trade Policies

  • Infrastructure Development Physical and Social; Public-Private Partnerships

  • Reforms in Land, Labour and Capital Markets

  • Centre-State Financial Relations and Finance Commissions of India; FRBM

  • Poverty, Inequality & Unemployment

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